Instruments and Diagnostic Criteria for Binge Eating Assessment in Adults: A Systematic Review
Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar sistematicamente as metodologias utilizadas para avaliação/identificação da compulsão alimentar em ensaios clínicos com pacientes adultos. Métodos: A busca foi realizada no PUBMED até julho de 2018. Foi utilizado o protocolo PRISMA para reportar os resultados. Resultados: Foram incluídos 93 ensaios clínicos dentre os 225 que foram encontrados na busca da literatura. Os principais métodos de avaliação / identificação da compulsão alimentar utilizados nos estudos foram: Binge Eating Scale; Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais; Escala de Diagnóstico de Transtorno Alimentar; Exame de Transtorno Alimentar; Questionário de Exame de Transtorno Alimentar; Inventário de Desordens Alimentares; Escala de Perda de Controle sobre a Alimentação e Questionário de Alimentação de Três Fatores. Foram observadas sobreposições entre os métodos nos estudos, 61 utilizaram o DSM e outro instrumento de avaliação, seis estudos utilizaram apenas o DSM e 26 apenas questionários padronizados para avaliar o transtorno de compulsão alimentar. Conclusão: O critério diagnóstico do DSM-5 para o transtorno de compulsão alimentar é considerado excelente e utilizado amplamente, entretanto, quando o objetivo do estudo é identificar questões emocionais, nutricionais e qualitativas, pode ser utilizado de forma complementar um questionário ou entrevista sobre percepções subjetivas.
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