Cálcio na regulação da adiposidade corporal de adolescentes e adultos: revisão sistemática

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47320/rasbran.2021.1916

Resumo

Objetivo: Descrever os resultados da influência do cálcio, suplementado ou dietético, derivado ou não de laticínios, na regulação do peso e da gordura corporal em adolescentes (13 a 17 anos de idade) e adultos (18 a 64 anos de idade). Método: Revisão sistemática da literatura realizada pelo método Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) nas bases de dados LILACS, PubMed, SciELO e Google Scholar, usando os descritores: (“adolescentes” OR “adults”) AND (“calcium” OR “dairy products” OR “calcium supplement” OR “dietary calcium”) AND (“body weight” OR “body composition” OR “overweight” OR “obesity” OR “adiposity”), em outubro de 2019, sem restrições de idioma, data ou status de publicação. O protocolo da revisão foi registrado na plataforma International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) (CRD42020150838). Resultados: Vinte e dois estudos foram selecionados, que atingiram os critérios para inclusão na revisão, publicados entre os anos de 2003 e 2017. A maioria apresentou risco baixo de viés, seguindo os procedimentos da National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Todos os nove estudos transversais e quatro dos 13 longitudinais mostraram resultados sugestivos de relação inversa entre o consumo de cálcio na regulação do peso e algum indicador antropométrico de obesidade e/ou constituinte da composição corporal. Conclusão: O consumo de cálcio pode facilitar a perda significativa de peso/ adiposidade corporal, em adolescentes e adultos. O consumo alimentar suficiente desse micronutriente deve ser encorajado para ajudar a minimizar o impacto do sobrepeso/ obesidade.

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Publicado

2021-01-05

Como Citar

da Rocha, T. M., Buerger Fischer dos Santos, J., Rocha, C. L., & Schuindt da Silva, V. (2021). Cálcio na regulação da adiposidade corporal de adolescentes e adultos: revisão sistemática. Revista Da Associação Brasileira De Nutrição - RASBRAN, 12(1), 215–241. https://doi.org/10.47320/rasbran.2021.1916

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Artigo de Revisão Sistemática